City of Sound is about cities, design, architecture, music, media, politics and more. Written by Dan Hill since 2001.


It's a crisp clear Swiss winter day. Geneva looks beautiful in the pale sun. That sun, which feels like a slowly failing 20 watt bulb, is the second clearest sign I'm a long way from the New South Wales I left behind on Monday afternoon. The clearest sign is that it's -2°C here, which is essentially 32° difference to the Sydney summer day I departed from. I wear a coat for the first time in almost 2 years.

It's my first time in Geneva, surprisingly, but being amidst the effortlessly elegant Mittel-European urban form again is a delightful confirmation of certain beliefs after getting all-too accustomed to the New World sprawls of Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. Bikes, trams, 4-5 storey apartment blocks, pocket parks and quietly civic squares everywhere – it's all so right, even given that Geneva is far from the best example. The other, more institutional bits of Geneva feel more like one's living amidst the giant sets of Tati's Playtime, which a part of me would be entirely happy to do.

The relative proximity of Africa, rather than that of South-East Asia, is visible in the faces around me on the streets. The flat northern European colour-scheme of white, brown, grey and black across the textures of stone, brick, bare trees and filigreed overcast sky is a subtle and beautiful counterpoint to the intense light and rich colours of Australia. I'm lucky to live in both these worlds.

I also encounter 3 examples of haughty Swiss brusqueness in quick succession, from airport to taxi to hotel, which is a shock after the naturally easy-going and friendly Australian service culture. Still, I'm back in the country of my birth and I can live with this. My Swiss-ness is something I've continually over-stressed, entirely out of proportion to the <2 years I spent here after my birth in Zürich, and have spent much of my adult life adulating the likes of Josef Muller-Brockmann, Le Corbusier, Max Bill, Jan Tschichold, Herzog & De Meuron, Peter Zumthor, Claudio Sulser. The coffee's predictably poor, given its French heritage, but I can forgive almost all these foibles given the sheer delight of being in a country with the world's finest array of door handles, locks, window fittings and banknotes.

This is the pleasurable sense of disorientation I'm feeling. The less pleasurable aspects are due to the fact it took me 4 days to get here, when it should've taken just over 24 hours. This is due partly to 3 malfunctions across 2 different planes on the runway at Bangkok airport, but mainly due to the ineptitude of British Airways and Thai Airlines, which shuttled us backwards and forwards from runway to airport hotel numerous times. It was a bravura performance of truly appalling 'customer service', a cavalcade of unthinking, desperate, flailing, inhumane incompetence, all too familiar when encountering the raw edges often left exposed by global capital.

The journey ends up being Sydney to Bangkok to Hong Kong to London to Geneva, the last 4 airports all experienced within in 1 day. Despite the intense fatigue, hassle and frustration – which eventually left me drained of anger and resolving into a zen-like state of near-calm, as if the body itself was beginning to fade – I did at least get to explore Bangkok Suvarnabhumi (pretty good; wonderful concrete alongside giant  stretched-taut silver canvas loops; not enough places to sit; over-staffed shops (not a bad thing necessarily); no wi-fi), Hong Kong (night-time descent along the lights of Macau; currently being re-modelled but still delivering a sense of massive; cavernous escalator-threaded atria; great automated transit; old people working everywhere; good shops and good food; good free wi-fi all over the airport), London Heathrow Terminal 5 (disclaimer: Arup worked on it; actually surprised by how much I liked it; also good automated transit; the finish of many details was very good; beautiful exposed structural details; the shops entirely out of kilter with the times (a glance down the departure lounge: Prada, Harrods; Dior; Mappin & Webb; Smythson; Tiffany & Co … all predictably empty); wi-fi everywhere but not free and therefore not used) and finally Geneva (classic small European airport; functional, efficient and pleasingly so; concourse roof being remodelled presumably; no need for automated transit or shops; surrounded by Alps and so a wonderful arrival:departure experience.)

The 4-day journey is actually much longer story, which I'll spare you in detail, but it did inadvertently provide me with the opening few minutes of my speech at the Lift 09 conference. For that's why I'm here in Geneva.

Lift 09 poster

Lift is a conference I've wanted to attend for a while and so the delay was particularly irritating. I managed to make it to the conference finally half-way through day one, and so no doubt missed a few good talks (my friend Fabio Sergio recommended David Rose's talk in particular, which rang true from my brief visit to Ambient Devices' HQ a few years ago in Cambridge, Mass.) I also regret missing the pre-conference workshop I'd signed up to, entitled 'The Design of the Hybrid City of the Near Future' and run by the great Fabien Girardin. It was a pleasure to finally meet Fabien though, and he introduced our session on 'Towards A Long Here' (named after Adam Greenfield's choice phrase), which the conference described thus:

"As half of the world is now living in cities, it's undeniable that the recombination of our physical environment through technological advancements will lead to unexpected changes, problems but also new opportunities. Carlo Ratti, Dan Hill and Anne Galloway will discuss how our relationship to space will change through various new technologies and examine the main challenges of this field."

I managed to get it together enough to deliver my speech, in a session alongside Carlo Ratti and Anne Galloway. Despite my intense fatigue, the speech seemed to go OK, and I'll try to share elements of it here later. I decided to ditch my usual talk on urban informatics – given the audience I could expect a familiarity with the basic concepts and technology, and besides, Matt Jones has delivered an excellent round-up just a week ago in New Zealand, which I was able to deliver an intercontinental link back to – but instead focus on the importance of binding urban soft infrastructure and hard infrastructure together, and the key role of multidisciplinary, holistic 'total design' thinking in developing this new layer of soft infrastructure, particularly including addressing business models, legal and political contexts, belief systems and the social and cultural fabric that supports all this.

The loose conference theme centred around the reflection that the future often don't turn out that way envisaged, and I seized on this to indicate that future urban visions overplay the technology over the social, cultural and political.  I'll try to get some notes up here later – not that I speak with notes, and all my presentations are around 2gb these days, due to the increasingly liberal use of video. It also gave me a chance to show off my old copy of the fabulous Brian Richards 1966 book, New Movement in Cities (featuring several pre-Archigram diagrams from Warren Chalk, Ron Herron and Dennis Crompton, it's a lead I got a while ago from the ever reliable Jon Bell of Things magazine), and a clip from the magisterial 1963 film Hands Over the City, directed by Francesco Rosi.

It's becoming clear by now that it's always difficult following MIT's Carlo Ratti, but that's the card I was dealt. Carlo's talk was full of fabulous flourishes of visualisations and informatics I won't describe in detail here. I will instead point out I've written up a discussion Carlo and I had at last year's Metropolis Congress in Sydney for the next issue of Architectural Review Australia,. And Anne Galloway followed me, which was nicely curated by Nicolas Nova, given that she often provides the necessary antidote to the particular virus that the likes of Carlo and I can spread. Her talk was full of smart questions as regards design practice around future cities, and carefully admonished those who make unthinking statements often made at techno- or design-centric conferences, such as 'everyone has a cellphone' (not something I say, I self-consciously hasten to add). Still, I know that some in the audience would've looked on quizzically when she said that, and quite possibly concluded "Not everyone has a cellphone? What can she mean? Ah yes, of course, some have two or three."

Stéphane Distinguin of Urban Mobs gave a talk on their 'population emotion cartography' (arguably predicated on the very thing Anne had just warned against, but still). These visualisations of citywide mobile phone activity are always intriguing, and I hope to be shortly starting some research with UTS around using mobile phone data to assess real-time transport activity in Sydney. More later, hopefully.

I enjoyed my former colleague Matt Webb's talk, not just for the crazy sci-fi but particularly to hear in detail about drawing and its part in the design process (particularly of their brilliant Olinda radio prototype). This, with the ghosts of Webb's business partner Jack Schulze and Goldsmiths' Matt Ward looming over the stage, was an insightful exposition of the role of drawing in understanding. Webb also talked about writing in the context of design, and dropped the wonderful phrase -  "design is a way of walking over the landscape of possible worlds" – but I enjoyed the examples of exploring through drawing most of all. I'm enjoying several books on drawing at the moment: Architects Draw by Sue Ferguson Gussow, but particularly Peter Cook's book Drawing: The Motive Force of Architecture, and the lovely book by Peter Cookson-Smith: The Urban Design of Impermanence: Places and spaces in Hong Kong.

I also enjoyed the talk on CERN and its role in the development of the web by James Gillies, not least for the images of scrawled notes on academic papers beginning to trace outlines of what would be the key development of the last 25 years: one saying "network + network + network = network", and a note on Tim Berners-Lee's paper on the web from March 1989 "vague but exciting". (Both of these off-hand insights are still as good a description of the web I've heard.) The role of social democratic-funded government institutions in these developments is worth repeating again and again, particularly now. This theme was echoed later as 'father of the internet' Vint Cerf delivered the closing keynote. It was a pleasure to hear Cerf, now at Google, discuss the engineering underpinning the past and future of the internet, and how the TCP/IP protocol may not be suitable for interplanetary communication.

Former organiser of Brisbane's legendary Livid Festival (something she is probably less well-known for) Natalie Jeremijenko gave one of her usually fascinating, freewheeling and slightly unsettling talks. I really liked her terrarium-like subterranean greenery installation I saw at Brisbane's Gallery of Modern Art (in the Premier's Awards for New Media recently) and her work with the Environmental Health Clinic is hugely promising, acting as a kind of nagging splinter under the fingernail of 'domestic-scale' sustainability.

Fabio Sergio's talk was predictably excellent. I particularly liked his overheard observation on Milano's smart card-based transport system: "In the past you had to stamp the ticket. Now you simply caress the machine" (One day, I want to post a series on 'entirely new 21st gestures and movements' created by touch-based systems). Another nice quote from Fabio was "technology as a material to sketch with", referring to the digital:physical prototyping environment at Frog Design in Milano, where he now works.

James Auger's talk on UV Flykiller Parasite Robots, Coffee Table Mousetrap Robots and the like was very entertaining, generating biomass-derived energy from dead mouse and flies. Former Microsoft researcher and now Superflux director Anab Jain started with an image by Superstudio, which immediately earns brownie points, and then showed a few great projects, with particularly smart use of video as a design prototyping tool.

Bill Thompson's talk on privacy was also great, veering into wildly philosophical territory linking post-Enlightenment thinking on what it is to be an individual to digital rights management, via J. Edgar Hoover and Twitter.  I thought he was going to cover a little more on how the particular and peculiar American sense of privacy is infecting other cultures elsewhere, but no.

Clive van Heerden, senior director of design-led innovation at Philips Design showed some great work. He works in the third of the 3 horizons of design research, the extremely difficult 20-year horizon. Their Philips Design Probes are well-crafted evocative and impressionistic shoft films. Beautifully done, these provocations covered varied aspects of culture, from electronic tattoos to skin dresses to food creation, without focusing on particular technologies. Very smart.

'White hat hacker' Melanie Rieback later gave a completely geeky talk on security problems in RFID, and her RFID Guardian project. Details of Selective RFID Jamming and RFID Fuzzing were somewhat interesting at the time, but escape me now.

And as ever, with these kind of conferences, it's all a bit random. Many talks just don't resonate, inspire, make it past translation issues (sometimes translation from another language to English; sometimes translation from g33k) and so on. Equally, many talks are fantastic. Conferences like this should take chances, and Lift is smart and confident enough to take chances now. And here it works. The air around the CICG is fizzing with great discussions, possibilities and practicalities, and there's a general sense of camaraderie, collaboration and innovation around the entire conference. Congratulations to the organisers, and thanks to Nicolas Nova in particular for inviting me. (It's also a pleasure to physically hook up with a few old networks of interest which tend exist only in a stunted form digitally – particularly Matt Webb, Anne Galloway, Fabio Sergio, Carlo Ratti, Fabien Girardin, Euan Semple and Usman Haque.)

I have a policy of making sure I escape any conference at some point to see the host city via a long, long walk, and my jetlag necessitates as much exposure to fresh air and pale sun as I can justify. With a flying visit such as this, that means skipping a session this afternoon, so apologies to those speakers I missed. Yet I always find the experience of a few hours tramping around a new map, understanding the city through my camera and other senses, to be as inspiring and enlightening as the conference content itself. More later.


8 responses to “Journal: “Network + network + network = network”. Lift09 conference, and Geneva”

  1. Philipp Eigenmann Avatar
    Philipp Eigenmann

    As always, great (and extensive!) writing! I am even more sorry now that I couldn’t make it to Geneva after all – would have loved to attend LIFT and catch up with you! Hopefully some other time soon (maybe you can give a lecture at ETH…).


  2. Cornelius Avatar

    Hi Dan, great conference sum up. Your talk was inspiring and it was one of the few presentations with a nice story attached to it, although I hope your next travel will be less burdensome.
    With Tagcrumbs, a place platform to share your impressions and stories, we did also some place explorations in Geneva, especially because the CICG is like a black hole.


  3. SergioFalletti Avatar

    Dan, great presentation at Lift and a better summary of the event than I have managed so far. As for following Carlo Ratti’s visualistions, your presentation had the merit of explaining why visualisation is not just something pretty to look at, but rather a way of influencing behaviour.


  4. Dan Hill Avatar

    Thanks Philipp, we’ll catch up soon I’m sure, and I’d be honoured to talk at ETH next time.


  5. Dan Hill Avatar

    Thanks Sergio and Cornelius, much appreciated.


  6. Andrew Avatar

    Thanks for the great write-up! And nice to hear someone else notice the “brusquenesses” and dark color clothing patterns between AU and CH.
    Hope the Sydney viz can be shared with more than 1 university?


  7. Dan Hill Avatar

    Thanks Andrew, and of course I’m very happy to work with University of Sydney on this and others! Let’s talk …


  8. Martin Stewart-Weeks Avatar
    Martin Stewart-Weeks

    Great stuff and predictably thoughtful. You can get wireless in the Qantas Club in Bangkok airport (and it’s free).
    Timely reminder of the need to take account of a city’s politics, culture and social patterns. Something that technology is especially well placed to assist with – it’s all communication and collaboration.


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